what happens to your body after your thyroid removed

What Happens to Your Body After Your Thyroid is Removed?

The thyroid creates and produces hormones that are important to your body. It controls the way the body uses energy, affecting every organ in your body. So, it is important to understand what happens to your body after your thyroid is removed.

If you are suffering from a thyroid disease, it can make too many or too few hormones. It can affect breathing, heart rate, and mood.

Several types of thyroid disorders include:

  • Goiter, characterized by the enlargement of the thyroid gland
  • Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces an excess of thyroid hormones
  • Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland fails to produce adequate thyroid hormones
  • Thyroid cancer

To diagnose thyroid disorders, a healthcare professional may collect your medical history, a physical examination, and thyroid tests. Additionally, in some instances, they might perform a biopsy.

Thyroid treatment will depend on the problem and its severity. You can also consult a doctor online or get an online script if you are suffering from the condition.

Possible treatments include medications, radioiodine therapy, or thyroid surgery.

What Happens to Your Body After Your Thyroid is Removed?

We know what the thyroid is and its different types; however, what happens to your body after it is removed?

When someone undergoes a complete thyroid gland removal, a procedure known as a thyroidectomy, it impacts the body. 

The thyroid gland regulates metabolism, producing hormones that control various bodily functions.

After a thyroidectomy, the individual will no longer produce thyroid hormones naturally.

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Side Effects of Thyroid Removal

Hormone Replacement Therapy: The patient must take synthetic thyroid hormones for the rest of their life.

This medication aims to replace the hormones that the thyroid typically produces. Regular blood tests are necessary to adjust the dosage and ensure hormone levels are within the normal range.

Metabolism Regulation: Without a functioning thyroid, the body’s metabolism slows down, potentially leading to weight gain, fatigue, and difficulty regulating body temperature.

Energy Levels: Some individuals might experience fatigue or a lack of energy due to the changes in hormone levels.

Calcium Regulation: There’s a risk of damaging the nearby parathyroid glands during surgery, which can affect calcium levels in the body. This might lead to tingling sensations, muscle cramps, or spasms.

Voice Changes: Surgery near the vocal cords can affect voice quality temporarily or, in rare cases, permanently.

Scarring and Recovery: Surgical removal involves incisions that will heal over time, leaving scars that might vary in visibility and size. Recovery time varies among individuals.

Long-Term Monitoring: Regular check-ups and monitoring of hormone levels are crucial to manage potential complications and ensure the patient’s well-being.

It’s essential to discuss potential risks, benefits, and post-operative care plans thoroughly with healthcare professionals before undergoing a thyroidectomy.

These symptoms typically last for a short time. They may be due to irritation from the breathing tube inserted into the windpipe during surgery or nerve irritation caused by the procedure.

Each person’s experience can differ based on various factors, including their overall health, the reason for surgery, and other factors after thyroid surgery.

What is the Life Expectancy after Thyroid Removal?

After covering what happens after your thyroid is removed, let’s look at the life expectancy The duration of life following a thyroid removal, known as a thyroidectomy, can vary based on several factors, including the purpose of the surgery, the person’s overall health, the extent of the thyroidectomy, and the care received after the procedure.

Typically, individuals who undergo thyroid removal can attain a normal life expectancy and maintain good health with proper medical attention and adherence to thyroid hormone replacement therapy.

Yet, discussing with healthcare providers how to regulate thyroid hormone levels and address any potential post-surgical complications is crucial.

As with any surgery, thyroidectomy carries risks and complications like harm to nearby structures and may lead to temporary or permanent issues like voice changes or disruptions in calcium levels.

These complications could impact the individual’s general health and quality of life following the surgery.

Regular follow-ups with a doctor are essential for those considering or having undergone a thyroidectomy.

These check-ups help monitor hormone levels, manage potential side effects, and ensure overall health and well-being.

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Can You Live Without Thyroid?

After covering what happens to your body after your thyroid is removed, let’s understand the life expectancy after the surgery.

It is possible to live without a thyroid gland. If someone undergoes a complete thyroidectomy (removal of the entire thyroid gland) due to thyroid cancer, severe thyroid disease, or other medical reasons, they can still lead a normal life.

However, after a total thyroidectomy, individuals need to take thyroid hormone replacement medication for the rest of their lives.

Thyroid hormones play a crucial role in regulating metabolism and various bodily functions, so taking synthetic thyroid hormones ensures the body functions properly despite the absence of the gland itself.

Without these hormones, a person may experience symptoms of hypothyroidism, which can affect their health and well-being.

Regular monitoring and proper medication management are essential for maintaining a healthy life without a thyroid gland.


Thyroid disorder impacts your life, which is why you should immediately consult a professional. You can consult a doctor online if you feel discomfort or want to discuss your concerns without delay.

It’s important to note that individual situations can significantly differ.

Discussing concerns or specific inquiries after thyroid removal should be directly addressed with a healthcare professional for better guidance and information.


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